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Legal basis and organizational mechanisms of the fight against cybercrime in US and UK law

For the first time in the history of the United States, the domestic regulatory framework for the fight against cybercrime has emerged in terms of historical formation and development. For the first time, cybercrime was committed in the United States, and over time, this crime began to have trans boundary or transnational significance. In 1977, the US Federal Computer Systems Protection Bill was drafted. The draft law provided for criminal liability for the following acts: knowingly entering false or misleading information into a computer system; illegal use of computer devices; changes in the process of information processing or violation of these...

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The role of transnational corporations (TNC) in the implementation and regulation of international economic relations

Transnational corporations are one of the subjects involved in the institutional regulation of international economic relations. Today, TNC acts as one of the important operators of globalized international economic relations. In legal sources and in practice, the term "transnational corporation" is sometimes used to refer to such companies as "multinational company", "multinational enterprise" [1]. According to the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law (UNCITRAL), the term “multinational company” is used in a broad sense to refer to companies engaged in significant commercial or other economic activities in countries through branches, affiliates or other organizations. According to the Institute of International...

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The International Monetary Fund (IMF) and its control over the monetary policy of states

The International Monetary Fund (IMF) is the first international financial institution to be formed. During World War II, the Washington Conference on International Finance was held in 1943 by 30 industrialized nations to shape the post-war international financial system. In 1944, in Atlantic City, USA, United Nations experts signed the Declaration on the Establishment of the International Monetary Fund. The agreement on the relevant economic union was signed at the initiative of the United States and Great Britain in 1944 at the United Nations Financial and Monetary Conference in Bretton Woods, USA, with the participation of 55 countries [1]. It should...

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Legal regulation of flights over the territory of the state and in international airspace

International flights over the territory of the state. The regime of international flights over the territory of the state is regulated by the Chicago Convention on International Civil Aviation (ICAO) of 1944 and national air legislation. State sovereignty over airspace is limited by the airspace of that state and cannot go beyond its borders. The basis for the admission of a foreign aircraft to the territory of another state is an international agreement or the permission of the competent authorities of the state [1]. International flights carried out in connection with the use of state airspace are divided into two categories,...

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